34. The venerable Vardan, the sparapet of Armenia and the lord of the Mamikoneans, took along with him the following tanuters of Armenia who hastened to meet the hour of martyrdom with fervent love:
as well as other tanuters and sepuhs and many of the troops of Armenia (who willingly and quickly wanted to avenge the covenent of the holy Church, and give their lives for the blessed and correct belief in Christ), and other brigades from the troops of the Mardpetakan cavalry, who were eager for a war of virtue. [These were people] whom Vasak, the malicious prince of Siwnik', recognized as not sharing his own intentions, and so organized them and sent them along with [Vardan]. But many of the most prominent tanuters of Armenia and the sepuhs, as well as [people] from the rhamik multitude  in whom he recognized evil tendencies, and who were not directly [participants] in the plan of the sworn alliance, [Vasak] kept there with him.
Then the venerable general of Armenia, Vardan, lord of the Mamikoneans, together with his comrades and the other force of men with him, said farewell to Vasak, the prince of Siwnik', and to the remaining nobles with him, and went to battle in sincerity. [Vardan] entered a holy church, the house of the Lord, and worshipped the omnipotent lord God. [He] took the holy Gospel and the symbol of the envivifying Cross, and saluted them, insatiably placing them over his eyes and forehead. All of the people who were with him did the same thing with fervent love. Inspired with love, they all departed. Now the venerable sparapet of Armenia, Vardan, had not paseed many lodging-places in [the district of] Ayrarat when Vasak, the prince of Siwnik', quickly sent secret emissaries to Mihrnerseh, the hazarapet of the Aryans, informing him in a letter of his treacherous plan. He also wrote to Nixorakan Sebuxt and to other seniors whom Mihrnerseh had sent against Armenia—and to Vehshapuh whom he had made  his loyal overseer (who was then the royal chamberlain, but subsequently became head of the Aryan dibheran). Vasak, the duplicitous prince of Siwnik', wrote to demonstrate his treacherous will to them: "Be at ease regarding Vardan's advance upon you, and have no fear. For there are many [warriors] whom I have kept here with me, and I have dispersed many others here and there. Their numbers are not many, but few." But this impious one did not remember the fact that the hearts of princes rest in God's hands [g64]. For, as will be shown, the malicious [Vasak] who hoped by his actions to gain favor from [the Iranians], had even more roused the power of God's anger and [God] turned [the Iranians] against him. And at the final moment [Vasak's actions] collapsed on his own head.
35. When the venerable general of Armenia, Vardan, lord of the Mamikoneans, reached Aghbania/Aghuania, the Iranian military commanders were informed about the arrival of the Armenians. Upon hearing the news, [the Iranians] quickly crossed the great river, called the Kur, and advanced before them as far as the village named Xaghxagh in the country of Aghbania/Aghuania. The blessed sparapet of Armenia, Vardan, saw the limitless multitude  of the Iranian brigade, and then saw how very few his own men were. He began to speak with [his men], joyously encouraging them in Christ and recalling for them the words of the holy Spirit which were sung by the prophet Samuel's mother: "'Let the mighty boast not of their might; nor the great one in his greatness, but let them glory in God [I Kings, 2.9; see also Jeremiah 9, 23-24, I Corinthians, I, 31, etc.].' For the matter of victory and defeat rests not in having few or many [soldiers] but with God's will." When the venerable general of Armenia, Vardan, lord of the Mamikoneans, had said this he looked to see the will of his comrades and of all in the brigade with them. [When he saw] how much they had been strengthened and encouraged by fervent love, he joyfully glorified the lord Jesus Christ, the Savior of all.
Before the battle began, [the Armenians] had observed the formation of the Iranian brigades. The venerable general of Armenia, Vardan, arranged his own brigade with competent cavalry, opposite them. He divided [the brigade] into three fronts, entrusting each [front] to a military commander. As military eommander of the right front, he appointed the prince of Arsharunik', Arshawir Kamsarakan (who was also the son-in-law of the blessed Vardan, general of  Armenia and lord of the Mamikoneans, being married to his daughter). As a comrade-in-arms [Vardan] gave [Arshawir] the senior sepuh, Mush, from the Dimak'sean azg. [Vardan] entrusted the left front to Xorhen Xorxorhuni and appointed Hmayeak Dimak'sean to support him. Vardan, the blessed general of Armenia, prepared to lead the central front in the attack. With the fronts thus deployed, and depending on God's care, they attacked the enemy.
Arshawir Kamsarakan and Mush, the Dimak'sean sepuh, were the first to reach the site of the battle. However, through unfamiliarity with the place, they fell into an extremely thick marsh. Because of the great rushing of their horses, Arshawir Kamsarakan and Mush fell into the mud together with the horses, and began to sink. The venerable Dimak'sean sepuh, Mush, was martyred there by Nixorakan. But as for [g65] Arshawir Kamsarakan, he got down from his horse which was in deep mud, and on foot he slew Vurk, brother of the the Lp'nac' king. One of [Arshawir's] boots had come off his foot and was in the marsh. Then Kamsarakan, with only one boot on, and covered with mud, together with all [his] troops, removed the horse. Fearlessly, boldly, like a bird he mounted the horse, and put to flight the terrified enemies  who were around him. Looking around, [Arshawir] saw the venerable sparapet of Armenia, the lord of the Mamikoneans, Vardan, with his comrades and all of the Armenian brigade. They also were chasing a multitude of Iranian troops before them, as fugitives. Some [of the Iranians] fell to the ground, killed by the sword, while others fell into the river and drowned. Others yet scattered into the fields and dense forests.
Now some of the Iranian nobiity had gotten into boats and were hurrying to flee to the other shore of the great [Kur] river. But the venerable general of Armenia, Vardan, urgently urged Arshawir Kamsarakan, prince of Arsharunik', to shoot arrows after the fleeing boats, since [Vardan] was confident of [Arshawir's] firm and unswerving aim. Arshawir the Kamsarakan (as he always implemented the words of the blessed general) immediately accepted the command from him, and began shooting at the navigators and the fugitives. He mortally wounded the navigators and many other people on board. As the wounded fell, the ships were destroyed. Many of the navigators and the principal Iranians drowned in the river. So, aid from On High favored them wlth victory, and [Vardan's men] returned to their camps thanking and blessing God.
[Vardan's troops] remained there that day, and the next day crossed the great Kur River. They reached a guard wall, located between the principality of Aghbania/Aghuania and the Huns/ Honk'. There they found sentry guards and many other Iranian troops, which they put to the sword. Then they entrusted the pass to a royal Aghbanian/Aghuan named Vahan and sent this same man as an emissary to the Huns and to other strongholds to convince them to ally with them by sending a brigade, [These peoples] willingly and enthusiastically agreed to help, and confirmed it with an oath.
36. With God's aid, as all of this was occurring as they wanted, suddenly an emissary reached the venerable general of Armenia, Vardan, and the entire brigade with him. He gave them gloomy and wicked news: "The impious Vasak has betrayed the covenant of God and duplicitously broken the oath on the Gospel. He has rebelled from the alliance of [g66] truth. The Armenian nobles who are with him have also rebelled and, turning their faces from the path of justice, they have erred after Satan. They sent an emissary to Iran and made vows to them in letters. They took the fortified strongholds of Armenia, placed their  fortress-commanders in them and told them to keep watch. [Vasak] had the children of the Mamikonean tohm, of the Kamsarakans, and of other tanuters gathered from each of [their] dayeaks and taken to secure fortresses in the principality of Siwnik', which he ordered carefully held. Furthermore, the treacherous Vasak had the boys sent to the Iranian king. The following people abandoned themselves to Satan with the oath-breaking Vasak:
the prince of the Bagratunik', Tiroc',
the prince of Xorxorhunik', Gadishoy,
the prince of Apahunik', Manech,
the prince of Vahewunik', Giwt,
the prince of Palunik', Varazshapuh,
the prince of Abeleank', Arten,
the prince of Urc, Nerseh,
and other nobles [ew aylk' yostankac "and others from the ostaniks"] and some sepuhs from every tohm.
Hearing about all of these disastrous deeds wrought by the duplicitous prince of Siwnik', Vasak, and by the other naxarars with him, the venerable sparapet of Armenia, Vardan, lord of the Mamikoneans, and the troops with him could not but  be dismayed. They vowed to do everything possible to preserve themselves and their captive boys, saying: "Lo, the Savior of all, Christ, has taken the hay rake in hand and is winnowing and grading the grain placing it in the heavenly grainary, but throwing the straw to the merciless burning of inextinguishable fires. Let us be like the cleaned grain, and let us await the day of our martyrdom with desire. Should we be worthy of attaining the fate of the saints, our good deaths will crown us. [Should we live], our boys will be preserved and grow up each in his own place and attain princehood, while the satellites of Satan with great remorse will be shamed and ridiculed in this world and in the next."
After the blessed people had said this, they all went together to the land of Aghbania/Aghuania from the district of Ayrarat in the country of Armenia. There, in accordance with their custom, they remained and passed the bitterly cold days of winter, all of them anxiously waiting for springtime and the day when they would attain the crown of martyrdom. For no one thought of victory or defeat, rather, like a thirsty person they longed for the cup of their final salvation and wanted to drink.
 Now Vasak, the treacherous prince of Siwnik', did not stop writing letters to the princes, shinakans, and priests of the land of Armenia. He [tried to] show that the oaths and testimonies brought from court were false and futile, saying: "The king of kings has sanctioned Christianity [g67] for [this] land, and does not seek a harmful destruction of the mages." About the rebellion, he said: "I shall completely forget about [recriminations], only let people turn from the counsel and word of Vardan, and not be lost with him." Regarding himself, the oath-breaking Vasak wrote: "I will be the intermediary in all of this and keep the land of Armenia unharmed." Then the duplicitous Vasak entrusted the correspondence to some false priests—non-priests—having the following names:
a certain Zangak,
and another one, a certain Petros Erkat'i.
Sahak and Petros were from the district of Siwnik'. The treacherous Vasak entrusted the correspondence about the venerable sparapet Vardan to these men and had them circulate it throughout the land of Armenia. Those people who were weakening in the faith and were without hope, listened to the words of the treacherous man, and believed them.  But when the crazed words were heard by those who held firm, and those who longed for martyrdom, they became strengthened, and even more convinced, and they hopefully awaited the day which would bring them the good news of their salvation.
37. When the bitter days of winter were passed and the great feast of Easter arrived, the oath-keepers and the entire world—angels and men—experienced joy. For there were engagenents of peace anong them at the good news of the Savior's resurrection, and with joyful happiness, they celebrated this.
After a few days had passed, they heard that many troops had come to the districts of Her and Zarewand. The venerable sparapet of Armenia, Vardan, lord of the Mamikoneans, sent the following message to the oath-keepers who had gone to their own homes to celebrate the Easter holiday with their families: "Many brigades [of Iranians] have arrived, bringing along divine crowns for the lovers of God. Now let whoever wants to participate make haste so that he does not miss out and regret it. Should anyone have other plans, as do those who abandoned themselves to Satan, let him stay and relax wherever it pleases him. For none will be crowned with his comrades, if he does not suffer. Let each one range himself now, with the mortals, or with the immortals."
 Those who loved truth, and longed for immortality were moved, and urged each other on, resembling a flock which hurries after the shepherd's call. It seems to me that Abraham did not go as quickly bearing a calf to the angels who had promised him a son, as the Armenian troops hastened after the venerable Vardan, sparapet of Armenia. They were going to Christ's supper, to eat the bread of the angels.
Thus they resembled the blessed Apostles, all of one heart and of one soul. The venerable sparapet of Armenia [g68], Vardan, sent a sepuh named Arhanjar of the Amatunik' azg together with the nobility with him—some 300 cavalry—to go and spy on the multitude of Iranian troops and to harass them, so that if possible, Vardan said, they might quickly come and bring us our crowns of the Kingdom which the Savior Christ, the giver of eternal goodness, will bestow upon us through them. Arhanjar and the brigade with him departed and was so favored by God that they saw the Iranian army and fell on one wing of the mighty rear-guard, putting many to the sword, and sending others fleeing back to the Iranian army. [The Armenian troops] returned unharmed in joy to the Armenian brigade and spoke of God's strength which the Savior had aided them with.
 When the venerable sparapet Vardan and the masses of the troops heard the news, they glorified and blessed omnipotent God, [Arhanjar's men] also said that the military commanders were the Mushkan Niwsalawurt and Doghvch, and that [the Iranians] were [trying] to come into the center of the land quickly. When the venerable sparapet of Armenia and those with him heard this, they strived yet more to go against them. First, they wanted to quickly meet with the hour of their martyrdom (since they had been incessantly praying day and night that they be worthy to have this share of the divine); second, they said, if warfare does not take place in the districts of Her and Zarewand, and if no one stops the Iranian army, they will come into the land of Armenia bringing death, taking captives, and causing harm. Thinking these things, [the Armenian army] wanted to hurry, but before that, the Iranian brigade came more quickly [than expected] to the district of Artaz, close to the village called Awarayr. They came to an enclosed place in the Tghmut plain which was chosen out of fear of the Armenian troops. Considering it a proper refuge for themselves, they pitched camp in its midst.
 38. Now on Friday of the great feast of Pentecost, the Armenian troops arrived near the same site and found the Iranian troops unprepared. Had they wanted, they could have inflicted unusually great harm [on the Iranians] who were like a flock that had lazily dispersed. But they permitted them to rest that day. For those who longed and yearned for martyrdom did not want to see it sullied by a soul-losing pollution; rather, at a moment's call, they hastened to attain that longed-for martyrdom [? k'anzi och' er edeal i mit hanatakut'ean p'ap'ak'oghac'` aynuhetew yaght'el, vasn tesaneloy hanapazor zhogewkorusac'n zapakanumn].
Then [the Armenians] gathered and encamped near the Iranian troops. The day drew to a close. Evening approached, and as usual they held worship and were filled with prayers [g69]. They modestly rejoiced in their food. Having done all of this they accepted a command of the holy priests to say the evening prayers with wakeful entreaties. Until morning all the ranks of priests encouraged the multitude of troops (sometimes with laments from the psalm-book, sometimes with words of doctrine) to take heart for a moment, and then to inherit inexhaustible goodness. The holy priest Yovsep', who held the throne of the kat'oghikosate of Armenia, commanded  Ghewond, that venerable man of God, to advise and encourage the people. The holy priest Ghewond fortified and taught everyone the entire night through with tireless Apostolic doctrine, and copious wisdom, with interpretations of the proverbs and illuminating doctrine. The words which flowed like sweet honey from the mouth of this just man brought delight to the listeners. A luminous clarity revealed itself in him by heavenly influence, and he appeared to have the face of an angel. (At an earlier time [in his life] his vardapet the man of God, Mashtoc', had chanced upon [Ghewond] while the blessed man was sleeping. Together with others of his students, the venerable Koriwn and Arjan, [Mashtoc'] saw in waking how a brilliant light radiated forth around him. Then and there, through the holy Spirit, these venerable men realized that the blessed man [Ghewond] would die a martyr's death. Although they did not reveal this miraculous occurrence to him, nonetheless word of this vision spread about through many rumours.) [Ghewond] recalled for all who depended on him many spiritual things, [such as] the lives and forbearance of earlier people. [He spoke] first of the dishonoring and patience of saint Gregory, and then about all the others. He said: "Those who  experience a premature and slow death, have chosen eternal life. Some people were unknowingly worthy of receiving the Good News—people who [experienced] torments and death, some keeping fasts, on pallets, others because of their love for the poor and for strangers. Others were chosen by God for their judicious judgements and for making the country bloom. But the fate of a martyr is not shared by all, rather it is given from time to time by heavenly Providence. Those who receive it should purchase through just business the eternal rather than the transitory, eternal goodness rather than pollution. And now those of us who have been kept for the great and honorable Cup will hasten to be worthy of attaining a portion of the inheritance of the luminous saints. The psalmist sang of their respectability: 'The death of His saints before the Lord is respectable [Psalm 125, 15].' Behold the ascetic Gregory, your vardapet calls you to the heavenly city of Jerusalem, to the most desired and fragrant supper of Christ, where pain and sorrow and lamentations do not exist" [g70].
The blessed Ghewond encouraged each member of the grandee nobility of Armenia with many other words of spiritual  and inspired doctrine. He was aided by the venerable Yovsep', who, although ordained as a presbyter, nonetheless had the fortune to be worthy of the kat'olikosal throne [or t'epet ew zjerhnadrut'iwn eric'ut'ean uner` sakayn yat'orh kat'oghikosut'ean er vichakeal arzhanaworapes]. They counseled and fortified them with spiritual words all night, until each of the willing listeners became, as it were, armed with fearless strenth by the holy Spirit. These were people to whom the decreed hours of the night seemed longer than on other nights, and they longed to see the dawn of salvation, to be able to drink the Cup of the Kingdom of Heaven.
When the venerable Vardan, lord of the Mamikoneans, heard the divinely-inspired words and the doctrine exhorting martyrdom from the angelic lord Yovsep' and the diligent Ghewond, he replied: "The dignity of ordination of blessed priests of the Church comes not from mankind, but is bestowed by the holy Spirit. Their words cause all rational listeners to look toward Heaven, just as this very night long they have been ceaselessly urging everyone to the Heavenly banquet, recalling for us the torments of saint Gregory. Many here are not only [Gregory's] pupils, but are blood-relations [yoroc' bazumk' or ast kamk', och' miayn ashakertk', ayl azgaxarhnut'eamb emk' haghordealk']. Let us hasten to the wedding of Christ, to join the guests,  the brigade of holy Apostles, in Christ's dining hall where [Christ] has opened the door of the Kingdom and waits to receive everyone and make them happy with an eternal, endless and immortal happiness. Let us make haste without delay. And let none resemble Judas who was torn from the ranks of the Apostles. As you have seen tonight, those who weaken trail after Satan. But I will take that cup which I have long desired and drink of it with eagerness, crying out the Biblical prescription: 'I take the cup of salvation and call upon the name of the Lord [Psalm 125, 13].'"
After the blessed general had said all of this, at cock's crow the holy Yovsep' and Ghewond commanded all the priests to perform mass, so that armed with the holy Spirit [the troops] would be accompanied to God's beautiful Paradise. After the Armenian troops had communed in the body and blood [of Christ], they hastened to work on this divine matter before them.
39. It was close to the hour of sunrise, and the Iranian brigade was arming and preparing to form into military fronts. The blessed Vardan, lord of the Mamikoneans, divided his  brigade into three fronts. As head of the center wing he appointed the lord of Arcrunik' and the mardpet Mihrshapuh together with the prince of Arsharunik', Arshawir, and the [g71] venerable men of Artak, prince of Mokk', and other senior naxarars. As chief of the right wing he appointed the venerable Maxaz Xoren, with the venerable T'at'ul, lord of Vanand, the blessed Nerseh K'ajberunik', and other senior naxarars. He readied the left wing himself, with his own brigade and with the prince of Arhawegheank', P'ap'ag, and other princely naxarars of Armenia, for it was on that side that the encampment of the brigade of Siwnik' troops, and the banners of other military men could be most clearly discerned. He left his own brother, Hamazaspean, as the rear guard and ordered him not to force anyone [to fight], but rather only to exhort them with words, for their own salvation.
Thus once the blessed Vardan had divided the Armenian troops into three fronts, and they were blessed by the holy priests, the two sides, Armenian and Iranian, attacked each other, the Armenians blessing God as they attacked. Vying with one another, those who sought the crown of  martyrdom advanced and turned the first Iranian troops to flight. But another multitude of Armenian troops, which had come under obligation and not voluntarily, though they had strived for goodness, nonetheless wavered and turned back, and suffered eternal loss in their flight. When the Iranian troops saw how the Armenian brigade was abandoned and fatigued from killing their own people, and how they were fleeing, they went into their midst and surrounded them like a sea. Those [Armenians] who had been hoping to achieve [martyrdom] attained it there. But then the Iranian troops quickly went after the Armenian fugitives. They killed some of those [Armenians] whom they caught up with; others they restricted in some secure place (but some [of the fugitives] at night attacked and killed many of the armed guards, and got away unharmed). In the morning [the Iranians] took the arrested fugitive Armenians to camp. Some they put to the sword, many others they trampled under elephants. The remainder of the fugitives were dispersed to one or another place in the land of Armenia.
Those who were worthy of the blessed, heavenly summons and were martyred there with the holy Vardan were as follows:
 from the Xorxorhunik' azg,
the blessed Xoren,
from the Palunik' azg, the blessed sepuh Artak,
from the Gndunik' azg, the blessed Tachat,
from the Dimak'sean azg, the blessed Hmayeak,
from the K'ajberunik' azg, the blessed Nerseh,
from the Gnunik' azg, the blessed Vahan,
from the Encaynik' azg, the blessed Arsen,
and from the Sruanjteayk' azg, the blessed Garegin.
As we discovered through much investigation and inquiry, the number of those martyred with the senior naxarars at the site [g72] of the battle was 276. Those who had been brought down from strongholds and killed with the sword or trampeled by elephants added up to 750 men. Thus 1036 men died. Christ the requiter keeps all of these names written in the Book of Life. As for the Iranian casualties, the figure 3,544 was related to us as accurate by people who had learned it from the Iranian military commanders.
40. When the battle had come to this conclusion, and humane God had called his dear ones to Him, Mushkan Niwsalawurt sent a hrovartak to Yazkert, king of the Aryans, informing him of the outcome of the war, the glad tidings of victory, and an accounting by name of those [prominent] people who had fallen in battle on both sides. When king Yazkert heard  about the deaths of good men from the Iranian brigade, and about the death of Vardan, he fell into an awesome mourning, remembering the man's bravery and goodness which he had demonstrated many times defending the Aryan world against enemies. [Yazkert] ordered that as a reply to the hrovartak Mushkan Niwsalawurt together with the brigade should be summoned to court. He ordered that a certain man named Atrormizd, from the land of Armenia, be left there as marzpan. He urged him by hrovartak not to agitate the Armenian people but rather to subdue them with affection, and to permit everyone to practise Christianity freely. When Mushkan saw the hrovartak of king Yazkert and heard its contents, he established Atrormizd Arsakan as marzpan in Armenia, and entrusted him with implementing everything written in the king's hrovartak. Mushkan and the nobility and the entire brigade returned to the country of Iran. Atrormizd, the marzpan of Armenia, who remained there sent many letters of peace to the different places of the land of Armenia, saying: "Come and build courageously, and fear nothing." He wrote and sealed this good news granting all of them whatever form of Christianity they wanted. At this news, all the people of Iran and Siwnik' assembled joyfully.
 41. This was in addition to those who had assembled near the venerable Hmayeak in the strongholds of Tayk', where the latter organized a brigade from the select multitude of Iran and Siwnik'. He divided the brigade into two parts, appointing Arten Gabeghean and Varazshapuh Paluni as their military commanders. For a multitude of the fugitive Armenians—naxarars and sepuhs, ostaniks and rhamiks—had headed for the country of Tayk' and had assembled near Hmayeak, brother of the blessed general Vardan. Hmayeak had been delayed in the land of Byzantium, requesting troops from the emperor, as was mentioned earlier. Those travelling [g73] with him went before the emperor Theodosius [II, 408-450]. [The emperor] heard the reason for their arrival, and then listened to it again from them, affectionately. He agreed to aid them with a brigade. But while this holy man was preparing to fulfill his promise, his end overtook him and he passed from this life. He was succeeded by Marcian [450-457], who, when informed about what was needed for matters in Armenia, asked the seniors at court: "What reply do you think we should give to the men who have come to us from Armenia?" [Two individuals], Anatolis (who was then the sparapet of Antioch) and a certain P'ghorent (a man of Syrian nationality, who was chief of the emperor's court)  replied, saying: "It is not agreeable to us to scorn the covenant and stability which has for a long time existed among previous kings, a covenant both written and sealed, and to aggrevate a peaceful situation with warfare, and to remove a land from the service of its king. Furthermore, we must think about what might happen, something no one knows for sure. Would such a [proposed] war be resolved easily or with extreme confusion?" With these words, they changed the emperor's mind, and the hopes of the Armenians [which the delegation] was concerned with and [the reason that it remained there, were injured and not realized. While the matter of the [Byzantine] response was being delayed thus, the war between the Armenians and the Iranians had begun.
When the Armenian tanuters and naxarars who had gone to the land of Byzantium saw that they had not been able to accomplish anything that they had been working for, they returned and made haste so that perhaps they would not lose out in the hope of salvation, but be found worthy to drink the cup of martyrdon with their comrades. But they did not  arrive in time for the battle. For the moment, they found an extremely secure place and stayed there, by the mountain called Parxar, close to the borders of Xaghteac', to prepare as they could for whatever happened next. At the break of dawn, prepared, armed [Iranians] informed [about the Armenians' whereabouts] through guides, fell upon Hmayeak Mamikonean and his companions in the village named Orjnahagh in the district of Tayk'. At the time they were coming down from the strongholds of Parxar mountain. [Iraniansj with the speed of fugitives caught up with each one's horse. Iranian troops struck at some unarmed and some armed. Turning about, [the Iranians] made them flee. Many were killed there in the town, others, in the vineyard. It was there that the blessed sepuh Hmayeak received the crown of perfection, which he had greatly longed and sought for. His request to follow after his holy brother was quickly heard. For God heard the man's request and granted it, and crowned him a saint.
Now when the oath-keepers who had gathered by the holy Hmayeak saw what had happened, they were overcome with great [g74] mourning, having no hope of consolation. For each man saw  before him the verdict of an evil death and ruin, as though carried out. Terrified, they retreated back up the Parxar mountain, considering it an expedient of sorts against the wicked despair that resulted from the great and terrible mourning [? zarhurealk' anden i ver i learhn darhnayin i Parxar, hayt'ayt'ans imn arh ch'ari ew sug patcharhanac' meci ew ahawor haseloy trtmut'ean hashuein]. When Atrormizd, the marzpan of Armenia, heard that so many fine men from the brigade of Iranians and Siwnec'ik' had been lost, although he was upset by great sadness, nonetheless, when he heard about the deaths of blessed Vardan and Hmayeak, he was greatly comforted, knowing that the brave generals had been finally eliminated.
42. [The Iranians] then took counsel to devise a means of hunting the fugitives without using Aryans to fight, to hold them as they wanted, and to put the land of Armenia into tribute-paying status. They decided that they could sway the minds of the folk without warfare only by false oaths and worthless promises. The marzpan Atrormizd sent [to the rebels] in the name of king Yazkert and falsely swore that none of them would be killed and that no one's terut'iwn or patiw would be taken away. Thus did he deceitfully subdue them. He seized them all and sent the following men to the  court of king Yazkert:
the great prince of Arcrunik', Nershapuh,
the prince of the tun of Amatunik',
the prince of the tun of Vanand,
the prince of the tun of Arsharunik', Arshawir,
the prince of the tun of Anjewac'ik', Shmawon,
the prince of the tun of Amatunik', Vahan,
the prince of the Gnt'unik',
the prince of Ashoc'k',
the prince of the Arhawegheank', P'ap'ak,
the prince of Tashir, Vren,
the prince of Arcunik', Aprusam,
and other tanuters and senior sepuhs.
Vasak, the duplicitous prince of Siwnik',
also wanted to go to court, but he sent the others before he went.
The following were among the blessed
priests of Armenia who had been seized earlier and placed in different
secure fortresses in Siwnik':
the holy priest Yovsep' who then occupied
the throne of the kat'oghikosate
lord Samuel and lord Abraham, the priests of Arac
 Also among those seized and taken were:
the blessed bishop of Erhshtunik', lord
the court priest of Nershapuh, prince of Arcrunik', lord Mushe,
the holy priest Arshen
and the blessed deacon K'ajaj.
Because of a grudge of the prince of Siwnik', the blessed bishop of Basen, lord T'at'ik had earlier been given to the Iranian military commanders to be taken to Xuzhastan, and he was kept there in harsh fetters. [Vasak] also sent [to court] the boys whom he had seized from tohms of the Mamikoneans [g75], Kamsarakans, and other princes of Armenia. [Vasak] thought to render a very great service to king Yazkert and to the entire Aryan world, and to receive honor of the realm and gifts. But God saw to it that he was yet more disgraced by his enemies on the day when Yazkert with all the court nobility ridiculed and dishonored him thanks to the unseen effect from on High of judicious God acting upon them.
Thus the duplicitous Vasak sent all [of the hostages] in advance of himself to the country of Iran, in the thirteenth  year of king Yazkert [III] of Iran [A. D. 452]. Then he himself went to the king of Iran with elaborate preparation and much equippage, thinking to reveal his treacherous loyalty to the king and nobility of the Aryans, and, in his crazed perception of things, to receive as payment the very kingdom of Armenia. "Should this not happen," he reasoned, "in any case I will receive patiw and standing [zpatiw ew zgahs] without any doubt or dispute." But he did not ask the lord God, who said through the prophet: "They reigned, but not through me, and they made an agreement, but not through my will [Isaiah 30, 1]." When the treacherous man's hour approached, he thought he was to receive great honor, but, as the above-cited just word of God suggested, the mask was pulled away from his duplicitous plans and all the man's bitter intentions were completely overturned, just as the poisonous plan of Achitophel had been [II Kings, 15, 31].
Thus seated on mules, Vasak and the multitude going with the impious one, set off on the journey, following the same road that the blessed priests of God were being taken on. [Vasak's party] approached the champions of Christ. The latter inquired: "Whose multitude is that?" A man replied: "The lord  of Siwnik's." And they said: "He is approaching us." The holy ones ceased asking questions and paid attention to the road. The blessed Yovsep' asked Ghewond, that man of God: "I know that Vasak, in his lewd shamelessness, is coming to greet us. Think what we ought to do, command us, and we will do it." The blessed Ghewond replied: "Seek not to learn the doctrine of the Savior from this man. 'Whatever town or village you enter, find out who is worthy in it, and stay with him until you depart. As you enter the house, salute it. And if the house is worthy, let your peace come upon it; but if it is not worthy, let your peace return to you [Matthew 10, 11-13].'" As they were ending their questions to one another, Vasak, the duplicitous lord of Siwnik', approached them. Informed about them, [Vasak] quickly dismounted and greeted the holy men. None [g76] [of the captives] in any way let it appear that they had enmity toward him, rather, they received him with joyful affection. This was especially true of the blessed Ghewond who always appeared happy and joyful, and who now spoke at length with Vasak the prince of Siwnik', using words of agreeable seriousness. Hearing the venerable man's sweet and gracious words, [Vasak] who was crazed by a dew, thought that they did not know about the evil he had done to them. For this reason, comforted even more by the words that man of God, Ghewond, [Vasak] travelled with them for a long time.
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