Chronological Tables*

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Rulers of Armenia and of Western and Eastern Empires

Rulers of Armenia (to 1375)
Western Empires: Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine (to 1453)
Eastern Empires: Iranian, Arab, Saljuq, Mongol, Timurid, Ottoman (to 1481)

Rulers of Iberia/Georgia and of Western and Eastern Empires

Rulers of Iberia/Georgia (to 1505)

Rulers of Armenia and Iberia/Georgia

Rulers of Armenia (to 1375)
Rulers of Iberia/Georgia (to 1505)

Kat'oghikoi and Corresponding Secular Rulers of the Armenians

Kat'oghikoi of Armenia (to 1515)
Rulers of Armenia (1st through 14th Centuries)

Armenian Writers and Corresponding Kat'oghikoi and Secular Rulers, 5th-13th Centuries

Armenian Writers (5th-13th centuries)
Kat'oghikoi of Armenia (to 1515)
Rulers of Armenia (1st through 14th Centuries)

Arab Governors (Ostikans) of Arminiya, 8th Century

Ostikan list for 8th Century Arminiya (Armenia, East Iberia/Georgia, Aghuania/Atrpatakan)

Medieval Rulers of Antioch, Cyprus and Jerusalem

Rulers of the Mongol Empires

Houses of Chingiz, Hulegu, Jochi, and Chaghatai

Heads of the Syrian, Armenian, Nestorian, and Roman Catholic Churches to c. 1500

Syriac Patriarchs of Antioch (to 1509)
Kat'oghikoi of Armenia (to 1515)
Nestorian Patriarchs of Babylon, Seleucia-Ctesiphon, and the East (to 1501)
Popes of Rome (to 1513)


Rulers of Western and Eastern Empires

Western Empires: Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine (to 1453)
Eastern Empires: Iranian, Arab, Saljuq, Mongol, Timurid, Ottoman (to 1481)

Hellenistic Dynasties

Dynasties of Egypt and Syria Ptolemies and Seleucids
Dynasties of Pontus, Bithynia, Cappadocia, and Commagene


Rulers of

Egypt (Partial), Assyria, and Babylonia
Israel, Judah, and Palestine
Judea, Galilee, and Ituraea


*Sources for these chronologies are:

Armenian and Iberian/Georgian: C. Toumanoff, Studies in Christian Caucasian History (Georgetown, 1963), "Chronology of the Early Kings of Iberia", in Traditio, vol. 25 (1969), pp. 1-33; Toumanoff's tables in The Cambridge Medieval History IV (Cambridge, 1966); The Armenian People from Ancient to Modern Times vol. 1 (New York, 1997).

Kat'oghikoi: Haykakan sovetakan hanragitaran [Armenian Soviet Encyclopedia] (Yerevan, 1979), vol. 5, pp. 166-167.

Armenian Writers: based on materials from a course entitled History of Armenian Literature taught by Professor Krikor H. Maksoudian at Columbia University in Autumn-Spring of 1972-1973, and compiled by his student, Robert Bedrosian, from class notes, handouts, and other sources.

Western Empires: The Cambridge History of Iran 3(1) (Cambridge, 1983); The Cambridge Ancient History IX (Cambridge, 1962); W. G. Hardy, The Greek and Roman World (Cambridge, Mass. 1960); Steven Runciman, Byzantine Civilization (New York, 1961).

Eastern Empires: The Cambridge History of Iran 3(1) (Cambridge, 1983); The Cambridge Medieval History IV (Cambridge, 1966); The Cambridge History of Iran vol. 5 (Cambridge, 1968).

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