Xenophon's Anabasis Description of parts of eastern Asia Minor in 401 B.C.
Xenophon's Cyropaedia "Historical" romance set in the Achaemenid Empire and involving Armenia. Unlike the Anabasis, this is not real history. Xenophon creates an historical ambience for a discussion of his ideal government.
Fragments of Ctesias' Persica and Indica. Ctesias was a physician at the Persian court of King Artaxerxes II from 404 to 398/97 B.C. Hopefully he was more proficient at medicine than history. Use with caution, and/or enjoy as entertainment. Source at Livius.
The Republic, Book 10, 613-621, by Plato (ca. 429-347 B.C.) contains the story of Er, son of Armenius, believed to be an echo of the Armenian story of Ara.
Enter "Plato" in search box in Mardiros Ananikian's Armenian Mythology.
The Armenian legend of Ara is available in The Primary History of Armenia.
The Argonautica, by Apollonius of Rhodes. Some version of this story was known to Homer already in the 8th century B.C., making it one of the oldest known Greek myths. Apollonius' later account is the most extensive. Jason and the most celebrated heroes of Greece visit eastern Asia Minor and the Caucasus. At sacred-texts.
Polybius' Histories, the preferred Loeb Classical Library edition, at LacusCurtius.
Download The General History of Polybius, translated by James Hampton (Oxford, 1823) in two volumes: volume 1, 463 pdf pages. File size: 16.9 MB; volume 2, 521 pdf pages. File size: 18.7 MB.
The Library of History, by Diodorus Siculus. This is the preferred Loeb Classical Library edition, at LacusCurtius.
Download The Historical Library of Diodorus the Sicilian, translated by G. Booth (London, 1814) in two volumes: volume 1, 687 pdf pages. File size: 36.7 MB; volume 2, 711 pdf pages. File size: 36.5 MB.
Strabo's Geography, Books 11-17. Invaluable geographical, historical, and anthropological information about the area of our interest.
From the writings of Plutarch, all at LacusCurtius using the preferred Loeb Classical Library editions.
Plutarch's Parallel Lives, [complete], especially, the Lives of:
Artaxerxes, reigned 405-359 B.C.Plutarch's Sayings of the Romans, the preferred Loeb Classical Library edition, at LacusCurtius.
Eumenes, d. 316 B.C.
Demetrius, d. 213 B.C.
Sulla, d. 78 B.C.
Lucullus, d. ca. 57 B.C.
Crassus, d. ca. 55 B.C.
Pompey, d. 48 B.C.
Comparison of Agesilaus and Pompey.
Caesar, d. 44 B.C.
Brutus, d. 43 B.C.
Cicero, d. 43 B.C.
Antony, d. 30 B.C.Download Plutarch's Lives, translated by John Dryden, A. H. Clough, editor (Philadelphia, 1860) in five searchable volumes:volume 1, 482 pdf pages. File size: 20.2 MB;Note: Wikipedia has the complete Lives (Dryden edition) for reading online here.
volume 2, 294 pdf pages. File size: 20.0 MB;
volume 3, 163 pdf pages. File size: 23.2 MB;
volume 4, 484 pdf pages. File size: 16.9 MB;
volume 5, 422 pdf pages. File size: 19.6 MB.
Search Plutarch's Lives at Wikipedia
Plutarch's Moralia (which includes the above work) is available for reading online, searching, or downloading in various formats at the Online Library of Liberty: volume 1; volume 2; volume 3; volume 4; volume 5.
Plutarch's Isis and Osiris, the preferred Loeb Classical Library edition, at LacusCurtius.
Also available at sacred-texts: Isis and Osiris.
Syrian Wars, by Appian, from the History of Rome.
Mithridatic Wars, by Appian, from the History of Rome. Both at Livius.
Strategems, by Polyaenus. At Attalus.
The Syrian Goddess, by Lucian of Samosata, at sacred-texts.
The Way to Write History, by Lucian of Samosata, at sacred-texts.
Ptolemy's Geography Book Four (Africa); Book Five (Asia Minor, Caucasus); Book Six (Assyria, Media, Persia, Central Asia); Book Seven (India, Sinae, Taprobana).
Cassius Dio's Roman History. Books 36 and 37 describe the situation in Asia Minor at the time of Mithridates VI (reigned 120-63 B.C.); Book 62, Corbulo's conquest of Armenia; Book 68, Trajan's campaigns in Armenia and Parthia; Book 71, Marcus Aurelius' war against Vologaesus in Armenia. This is the preferred Loeb Classical Library edition, at LacusCurtius.
Download Dio's Roman History, translated by Earnest Cary (Cambridge, Mass., 1914-1924). This is the Loeb Classical Library edition in nine searchable volumes:volume 1, 488 pdf pages. Books 01-11. File size: 15.3 MB;
volume 2, 534 pdf pages. Books 12-35. File size: 16.5 MB;
volume 3, 536 pdf pages. Books 36-40. File size: 19.5 MB;
volume 4, 522 pdf pages. Books 41-45. File size: 17.4 MB;
volume 5, 546 pdf pages. Books 46-50. File size: 19.8 MB;
volume 6, 512 pdf pages. Books 51-55. File size: 18.5 MB;
volume 7, 470 pdf pages. Books 56-60. File size: 17.1 MB;
volume 8, 502 pdf pages. Books 61-70. File size: 17.2 MB;
volume 9, 596 pdf pages. Books 71-80. File size: 27.4 MB.
Herodian's History of the Roman Empire, covers the period 180-238 A.D. At Tertullian.org
Athenaeus, the Banquet of the Learned/Sophists at Dinner, anecdotes and historical information on numerous topics. At Attalus.
Life of Apollonius of Tyana, by Flavius Philostratus, contains curious information about the Caucasus and Armenian writing [Book II] before the alphabet of Mashtots'. At sacred-texts.
Download F. C. Conybeare's translation of the Life of Apollonius of Tyana, in two volumes (London, 1912): volume 1, 618 pdf pages. File size: 20.9 MB; volume 2, 640 pdf pages. File size: 21.2 MB.
Download A History of Greece to the Death of Alexander the Great, by J. B. Bury in pdf format.
The Hellenistic Age, by J. B. Bury and others (323-276 B.C.), is available in various formats from Internet Archive.
Download The House of Seleucus, by Edwin Robert Bevan (London, 1902) in two volumes: volume 1, in 367 pdf pages. File size: 20.5 MB; volume 2, in 377 pdf pages. File size: 21.5 MB.
Armenia's Economic Prosperity and the Foundation of Cities in the Hellenistic Period by H. A. Manandian.
The Orontids of Armenia by C. Toumanoff.
Trade and Trade Centers in Armenia in the Roman-Parthian and the Byzantine-Sasanian Period by H. A. Manandian.
Selected Writings of W. W. Tarn.
Selected Writings of Michael Rostovtzeff.
Entries on Greece at Encyclopaedia Iranica, multiple authors.
Material at Ancient World Online for Greece/Greek.
Material at Sacred Texts for Greece/Greek.
Download Toponymy [of Armenia in remote and classical antiquity], in searchable pdf format. Tables of the provinces, cities, towns, villages, mountains, plains, rivers, lakes, and seas in areas of Armenian settlement in Asia Minor including map and literary references, prepared by Nina G. Garsoian as an accompaniment (Appendix V, pp. 137-246) to her 1983 translation of N. Adontz's study Armenia in the Period of Justinian (1908). Tables provide (where available) Classical Armenian, Greek, Latin, and modern designations. Included is Garsoian's updated Bibliography (pp. 247-303) for this important work of Adontz on the lords (naxarars) of Ancient Armenia. An invaluable tool for the study of eastern Asia Minor and the Caucasus in remote and classical antiquity.
Download E. H. Bunbury's two volume History of Ancient Geography among the Greeks and Romans (1883), in searchable pdf format: volume I [33.3 MB]; volume II [32.4 MB]. This important work contains a great deal more than information on geography, and makes an invaluable accompaniment to the historical sources.
Download Scythians and Greeks, by Ellis H. Minns (Cambridge, 1913). The large file has been divided into two parts for manageability: part 1, in 417 pdf pages. File size: 42.5 MB; part 2, in 395 pdf pages. File size: 33.6 MB.
Download Iranians and Greeks in South Russia [origin and history of the Scythians], by Michael Rostovtzeff (Oxford, 1922): Iranians and Greeks in South Russia. File Size: 13 MB.
The Russian original of the above is also available:Download Izvestiia drevnikh pisatelei o Skifii i Kavkaze [Information from Ancient Authors on Scythia and the Caucasus], by V. V. Latyshev in two volumes: volume 1, (St. Petersburg, 1890) in 709 pdf pages. Greek texts with facing Russian translations. File size: 42.7 MB; volume 2, (St. Petersburg, 1904) in 463 pdf pages. Latin texts with facing Russian translations. File size: 48.3 MB.
Download Ellinstvo i iranstvo na iugie Rossii [Hellenism and Iranism in South Russia], by Michael Rostovtzeff (Moscow, 1918), in 201 pdf pages. Download here: Ellinstvo i iranstvo na iugie Rossii. File size: 16.3 MB.
Download The Indian Travels of Apollonius of Tyana and the Indian Embassies to Rome from the reign of Augustus to the death of Justinian [27 B.C. - 565 A.D.], by Osmond de Beauvoir Priaulx (London, 1873), in 280 pdf pages. Download here: The Indian Travels of Apollonius of Tyana and the Indian Embassies to Rome. File size: 12.2 MB.
Also available: translations and studies of relevant Greek and Latin texts by J. W. McCrindle.Wikipedia entry: Indo-Roman Trade and Relations.
Download Ancient India as Described by Ktesias the Knidian (London, 1882), in 121 pdf pages. Download here: Ancient India as Described by Ktesias the Knidian. File size: 2.8 MB.
Download Ancient India as Described by Megasthenes and Arrian (London, 1877), in 247 pdf pages. Download here: Ancient India as Described by Megasthenes and Arrian. File size: 5.8 MB.
Download The Commerce and Navigation of the Erythrean Sea (London, 1879), in 257 pdf pages. Download here: The Commerce and Navigation of the Erythrean Sea. File size: 6.6 MB.
Download Ptolemy's Geography of India (London, 1885), in 401 pdf pages. Download here: Ptolemy's Geography of India. File size: 9.6 MB.
Download The Invasion of India by Alexander the Great, as described by Arrian, Q. Curtius, Diodoros, Plutarch, and Justin (London, 1893), in 471 pdf pages. Download here: The Invasion of India by Alexander the Great. File size: 9.8 MB.
Download Ancient India as Described in Classical Literature (London, 1901), in 258 pdf pages. This volume contains material not in the preceding five volumes, including Herodotus, Polybius, Diodorus Siculus, Dion Cassius, Strabo, Dionysius Periegetes, Pliny and many others. Download here: Ancient India as Described in Classical Literature. File size: 7.5 MB.
Download China and the Roman Orient, researches into their ancient and medieval relations as represented in old Chinese records, by Friedrich Hirth (Leipzig, 1885; reprinted Shanghai, 1939), in 355 pdf pages. Download here: China and the Roman Orient. File size: 23.5 MB.
Also available: English translations of relevant sources with scholarly notes by Henry Yule.Wikipedia entry: Romano-Chinese Relations.
Download Cathay and the Way Thither (London, 1866) in two volumes: volume 1, in 525 pdf pages. Antiquity. Hakluyt Society, volume 36. File size: 19.5 MB; volume 2, in 459 pdf pages. Medieval period. Hakluyt Society, volume 37. File size: 11.3 MB. Yule's extensive and thorough treatment remains unsurpassed.
Metropolitan Museum of Art (N.Y.) Heilbrunn Timeline of Art Greece 8000-2000 B.C.
Metropolitan Museum of Art (N.Y.) Heilbrunn Timeline of Art Greece 2000-1000 B.C.
Metropolitan Museum of Art (N.Y.) Heilbrunn Timeline of Art Greece 1000 B.C. - 1 A.D.
Metropolitan Museum of Art (N.Y.) Heilbrunn Timeline of Art Greece 1 - 500 A.D.
Gods and Plants in the Classical World, by Carl A. P. Ruck.
The History of the Poppy and of Opium and Their Expansion in Antiquity in the Eastern Mediterranean Area, by P. G. Kritikos and S. P. Papadaki.
Selected Writings of Armen Petrosyan.
Greece, at Livius.
Ancient and Medieval Libraries, at rbedrosian.com.
Ancient Greece Portal
Economy of Ancient Greece
Slavery in Ancient Greece
Ancient Greek Technology